Low Residue Diet

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Food NameProteinCarbFatFiber 
Milk, human1740
Milk3520
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole3530
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium3430
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole3530
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat3510
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat3500
Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")3510
Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat3520
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat3510
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat3520
Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat3510
Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat3500
Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil3530
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What is Low Residue Diet?

information and guidelines from the National Institutes of Health

When you are on a low residue fiber diet, you will eat low-fiber foods that are easy for your body to digest. Eating these foods will slow down your bowel movements.

This diet includes foods you are used to eating, like cooked vegetables, fruits, white breads, and meats. It does NOT include foods that make your bowels work more, like beans and legumes, whole grains, many raw vegetables and fruits, and nuts and seeds.

Your goal is to eat less than 10 to 15 grams of fiber each day.

This diet gives you proteins, fluids, salts, and minerals you need. With the right food choices, you can get enough nutrition from this diet. You may have to take supplements, such as vitamin C, calcium, folic acid, and others if you are on this diet for a long time.

Why You Need Low Residue Diet?

You may need to be on a low residue fiber diet if you have diverticulitis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or bowel inflammation. Sometimes people are put on this diet after certain kinds of surgery, such as an ileostomy or colostomy. You may need to follow this diet only for a short period of time or for the rest of your life. Your doctor may refer you to a dietitian for help with meal planning.


What You Can Eat and Drink in Low Residue Diet

Here are some of the foods recommended for a low residue fiber diet.

Milk products:
  • You may have up to 2 cups total of smooth milk products a day. This includes yogurt, cottage cheese, milk, pudding, or creamy soup, or 1.5 ounces of hard cheese.
  • Avoid milk products with nuts, seeds, fruit, or vegetables added to them.

Breads and grains:

  • You may have refined white breads, dry cereals (Special K, puffed rice, Corn Flakes, Rice Krispies), white pasta, and crackers. Make sure these foods have less than a half (0.5) a gram of fiber per serving.
  • Do NOT eat whole-grain breads, crackers and cereals, whole-wheat pasta, and brown rice.

Vegetables: You may eat these vegetables raw:

  • Lettuce
  • Cucumbers
  • Onions
  • Zucchini

You can eat these vegetables if they are well-cooked or canned (without seeds). You can also drink juices made from them if they do not contain seeds or pulp:

  • Yellow squash (without seeds)
  • Spinach
  • Pumpkin
  • Eggplant
  • Potatoes, without skin
  • Green beans
  • Wax beans
  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Carrots

Do NOT eat any vegetable that is not on the list above. Do NOT eat vegetables raw that are okay to eat cooked. Avoid vegetables and sauces with seeds, such as tomato sauce. Do NOT eat popcorn.


Fruits:

  • You may have fruit juices without pulp and many canned fruits or fruit sauces, such as applesauce.
  • Raw fruits you can have are very ripe apricots, bananas and cantaloupe, honeydew melon, watermelon, nectarines, papayas, peaches, and plums. Avoid all other raw fruit.
  • Fruits to avoid are canned or raw pineapple, fresh figs, berries, all dried fruits, fruit seeds, and prunes and prune juice.

Protein:

  • You may eat cooked meat (including bacon), fish, poultry, eggs, and smooth peanut butter. Make sure your meats are tender and soft, not chewy with gristle.
  • Avoid deli meats, crunchy peanut butter, nuts, beans, tofu, and peas.

Fats, oils, and sauces:

  • You may eat butter, margarine, oils, mayonnaise, whipped cream, and smooth sauces and dressings.
  • Smooth condiments are okay.
  • Do NOT eat very spicy foods and dressings. Avoid chunky relishes and pickles.

Other foods and drinks:

  • You may eat plain cakes, cookies, pies, Jell-O, sugar, and hard candies.
  • Do not eat desserts that contain fruits that are not okay to eat, nuts, or coconut. Avoid chocolate that contains cocoa powder.
  • Avoid caffeine.

How to use our food database to select foods for Low-Residue Diet

This food database provides the fat, carbohydrate and protein contents, as well as those of fiber of approximately 7,000 food items. A food's mineral and vitamin contents are displayed in charts to allow easy evaluation of its nutrition. You can use these vitamin and mineral charts to choose the most nutrient-dense foods and avoid foods with empty calories.
In addition, the calorie pie chart shows the contribution of fat, carb and protein to the food's total calorie. If you wish to choose low-fiber foods, you can sort foods by their fiber contents. Click on the Fiber column header to reverse the current sort order.

Usage Note

  • Fiber, fat, carbohydrate and protein values in table are in grams and calculated per 100g of food.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by fiber, fat, carbohydrate or protein content.
  • Pie chart shows relative contributions to total calories from carbohydrate, protein and fat (and alcohol, if exists).
  • The mineral and vitamin charts show the relative contents of minerals and vitamins of each food. The higher the bubble, the higher mineral or vitamin content a food has relative to other foods. The larger the bubble, the greater the mineral or vitamin content relative to the Recommended Daily Allowances.

Low-Fiber Vegetables

List of 100 vegetables and vegetable products lowest in fiber content. Fiber content is in grams per 100 grams of food weight.



Vegetables Lowest in Fiber Fiber

Catsup 0.3

Seaweed, laver, raw 0.3

Catsup, low sodium 0.3

Tomato juice, canned, without salt added 0.4

Tomato juice, canned, with salt added 0.4

Poi 0.4

Watercress, raw 0.5

Gourd, white-flowered (calabash), raw 0.5

Seaweed, wakame, raw 0.5

Seaweed, agar, raw 0.5

Cucumber, with peel, raw 0.5

Pumpkin, raw 0.5

Mushrooms, brown, Italian, or Crimini, raw 0.6

Corn, sweet, white, canned, whole kernel, no salt added, solids and liquids 0.7

Cress, garden, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 0.7

Tomatoes, yellow, raw 0.7

Spinach souffle 0.7

Tomatoes, red, ripe, cooked 0.7

Cucumber, peeled, raw 0.7

Tomatoes, red, ripe, cooked, with salt 0.7

Cress, garden, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 0.7

Peppers, sweet, red, frozen, chopped, boiled, drained, without salt 0.8

Peppers, sweet, red, frozen, chopped, boiled, drained, with salt 0.8

Potatoes, mashed, dehydrated, prepared from flakes without milk, whole milk and butter added 0.8

Mung beans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 0.8

Soybeans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, stir-fried, with salt 0.8

Carrot juice, canned 0.8

Soybeans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, steamed 0.8

Vegetable juice cocktail, canned 0.8


Vegetables Lowest in Fiber Content Fiber

Beans, mung, mature seeds, sprouted, canned, drained solids 0.8

Mung beans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 0.8

Soybeans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, stir-fried 0.8

Soybeans, mature seeds, sprouted, cooked, steamed, with salt 0.8

Peppers, sweet, yellow, raw 0.9

Tomatoes, orange, raw 0.9

Lettuce, red leaf, raw 0.9

Peppers, sweet, green, frozen, chopped, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 0.9

Pumpkin, flowers, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 0.9

Radicchio, raw 0.9

Peppers, sweet, green, frozen, chopped, boiled, drained, without salt 0.9

Potatoes, au gratin, dry mix, prepared with water, whole milk and butter 0.9

Onions, sweet, raw 0.9

Pumpkin flowers, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 0.9

Leeks, (bulb and lower leaf-portion), cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.0

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, packed in tomato juice, no salt added 1.0

Mushrooms, white, raw 1.0

Waxgourd, (chinese preserving melon), cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.0

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, stewed 1.0

Cabbage, chinese (pak-choi), raw 1.0

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, packed in tomato juice 1.0

Bamboo shoots, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.0

Leeks, (bulb and lower leaf-portion), cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.0

Asparagus, canned, no salt added, solids and liquids 1.0

Waxgourd, (chinese preserving melon), cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.0

Cabbage, chinese (pak-choi), cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.0

Asparagus, canned, regular pack, solids and liquids 1.0

Peppers, hungarian, raw 1.0

Squash, summer, crookneck and straightneck, raw 1.0

Bamboo shoots, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.0

Squash, summer, zucchini, includes skin, raw 1.0


Low-Fiber Vegetables and Vegetable Products Fiber

Squash, summer, zucchini, includes skin, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.0

Squash, summer, zucchini, includes skin, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.0

Pickles, cucumber, sweet (includes bread and butter pickles) 1.0

Cabbage, chinese (pak-choi), cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.0

Squash, summer, crookneck and straightneck, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.1

Soybeans, mature seeds, sprouted, raw 1.1

Squash, summer, crookneck and straightneck, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.1

Potatoes, scalloped, dry mix, prepared with water, whole milk and butter 1.1

Gourd, dishcloth (towelgourd), raw 1.1

Kohlrabi, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.1

Pumpkin, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.1

Kohlrabi, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.1

Squash, summer, all varieties, raw 1.1

Lettuce, butterhead (includes boston and bibb types), raw 1.1

Pickles, cucumber, sweet, low sodium (includes bread and butter pickles) 1.1

Squash, zucchini, baby, raw 1.1

Cress, garden, raw 1.1

Pumpkin, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.1

Pickles, cucumber, dill or kosher dill 1.1

Tomatoes, green, raw 1.1

Pickle relish, sweet 1.1

Peppers, sweet, red, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.2

Lettuce, iceberg (includes crisphead types), raw 1.2

Peppers, sweet, green, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.2

Peppers, sweet, green, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.2

Peppers, sweet, red, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.2

Kale, scotch, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.2

Tomatoes, red, ripe, raw, year round average 1.2

Pickles, cucumber, dill, low sodium 1.2

Corn, sweet, yellow, canned, cream style, regular pack 1.2

Potatoes, frozen, whole, unprepared 1.2


Low-Fiber Vegetables and Vegetable Products Fiber

Beets, canned, no salt added, solids and liquids 1.2

Pickles, cucumber, sour, low sodium 1.2

Pickles, cucumber, sour 1.2

Cabbage, chinese (pe-tsai), raw 1.2

Beets, canned, regular pack, solids and liquids 1.2

Corn, sweet, yellow, canned, cream style, no salt added 1.2

Peppers, sweet, red, canned, solids and liquids 1.2

Gourd, white-flowered (calabash), cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.2

Corn, sweet, white, canned, cream style, no salt added 1.2

Corn, sweet, white, canned, cream style, regular pack 1.2

Onions, canned, solids and liquids 1.2

Squash, summer, scallop, raw 1.2

Squash, summer, crookneck and straightneck, frozen, unprepared 1.2

Gourd, white-flowered (calabash), cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 1.2

Corn pudding, home prepared 1.2

Celeriac, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 1.2

Peppers, sweet, green, canned, solids and liquids 1.2

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