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Lycopene Content of Foods

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Food NameLycopene
Tomato powder46260
Tomatoes, sun-dried45902
Tomato products, canned, paste, without salt added28764
Tomato products, canned, paste, with salt added28764
Tomato products, canned, puree, with salt added21754
Tomato products, canned, puree, without salt added21754
Tomato products, canned, sauce, with mushrooms18942
Tomato products, canned, sauce, with onions, green peppers, and celery18454
Soup, tomato rice, canned, condensed17183
Catsup16709
Catsup, low sodium16709
Tomato products, canned, sauce13979
Tomato sauce, canned, no salt added13979
Soup, vegetable, canned, low sodium, condensed13848
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Usage Note

  • Lycopene value is in mcg and calculated per 100g of food weight.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by Lycopene content.

Lycopene

information from the National Institutes of Health

Lycopene is a naturally occurring chemical that gives fruits and vegetables a red color. It is one of a number of pigments called carotenoids. Lycopene is found in watermelons, pink grapefruits, apricots, and pink guavas. It is found in particularly high amounts in tomatoes and tomato products. In North America, 85% of dietary lycopene comes from tomato products such as tomato juice or paste. One cup (240 mL) of tomato juice provides about 23 mg of lycopene. Processing raw tomatoes using heat (in the making of tomato juice, tomato paste or ketchup, for example) actually changes the lycopene in the raw product into a form that is easier for the body to use. The lycopene in supplements is about as easy for the body to use as lycopene found in food.

People take lycopene for preventing heart disease, "hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis); and cancer of the prostate, breast, lung, bladder, ovaries, colon, and pancreas. Lycopene is also used for treating human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, which is a major cause of uterine cancer. Some people also use lycopene for cataracts and asthma.


Lycopene Effectiveness

information from the National Institutes of Health

Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that may help protect cells from damage. This is why there is a lot of research interest in lycopene’s role, if any, in preventing cancer.

There is insufficient evidence to rate effectiveness for:

Prostate cancer. Early research in men with precancerous changes in their prostate shows that taking 4 mg of lycopene supplements twice daily might delay or prevent progression to prostate cancer. In addition, researchers have surveyed men about their diet and health and found contradictory information about a possible role for lycopene in preventing prostate cancer. Some of these studies show that lycopene from foods, such as tomato products, is associated with a lower risk of developing prostate cancer. But other research shows no association between dietary lycopene intake and prostate cancer risk. However, for men in this study who had a family history of prostate cancer, getting more lycopene from food seemed to offer some protection against getting prostate cancer.

Breast cancer. Several studies have tried to determine whether getting more lycopene from food or taking supplements will help to prevent breast cancer. But findings have not agreed.

Bladder cancer. Research to date suggests that lycopene intake from the diet and lycopene levels in the blood don’t affect the risk of getting bladder cancer.

Ovarian cancer. Some research shows that a diet rich in carotenoids, including lycopene, seems to help prevent ovarian cancer in young (premenopausal) women.

Pancreatic cancer. Some research shows that a diet high in lycopene, primarily from tomatoes, seems to lower the risk of getting pancreatic cancer.

Lung cancer. There is some evidence that getting lycopene from foods -- 12 mg/day or more for men, and 6.5 mg/day or more for women—lowers lung cancer risk in nonsmoking men aged 40 to 75, and nonsmoking women aged 30 to 55.

Cancer of the colon and rectum. Research so far suggests that there is no connection between dietary lycopene and the risk of getting cancer of the colon or rectum.

White pre-cancerous patches in the mouth (oral leukoplakia). Developing clinical research shows that taking 8 mg/day or 4 mg/day of a specific lycopene supplement (LycoRed, Jagsonpal Pharmaceutical) significantly improves oral leukoplakia.

Heart disease. Study results are mixed. Some research shows that women with higher levels of lycopene in their blood have a lower risk of getting heart disease. But other studies show no link between lycopene intake and the risk of heart attack and stroke in women. In men already at low risk for heart disease, increasing dietary lycopene does not seem to prevent heart attacks.

Eye disease (age related maculopathy). So far, it appears that dietary lycopene has no effect on getting or preventing age-related maculopathy.

Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. Women with higher levels of lycopene in their blood seem to get over HPV infections.

“Hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis).

Asthma attacks brought on by exercise.

Cataracts.

Lycopene helpful to prostate patients

Lycopene, the antioxidant which makes tomatoes red, has been found to reduce age-related enlargement of the prostate and thereby pressure on the bladder.

Research from Queensland, Australia, found that the number of night-time visits to the bathroom was cut more than a third and overall bladder function was considerably improved.

Lycopene - Additional Info

Lycopene (from the New Latin word lycopersicum for the tomato species name) is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons and papayas (but not strawberries or cherries). Although lycopene is chemically a carotene, it has no vitamin A activity.

In plants, algae, and other photosynthetic organisms, lycopene is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of many carotenoids, including beta carotene, responsible for yellow, orange or red pigmentation, photosynthesis, and photo-protection. Like all carotenoids, lycopene is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon (an unsubstituted alkene). Structurally, it is a tetraterpene assembled from eight isoprene units, composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen, and is insoluble in water. Lycopene's eleven conjugated double bonds give it its deep red color and are responsible for its antioxidant activity. Due to its strong color and non-toxicity, lycopene is a useful food coloring.

Lycopene is not an essential nutrient for humans, but is commonly found in the diet, mainly from dishes prepared from tomatoes. When absorbed from the stomach, lycopene is transported in the blood by various lipoproteins and accumulates in the liver, adrenal glands, and testes.

Because preliminary research has shown an inverse correlation between consumption of tomatoes and cancer risk, lycopene has been considered a potential agent for prevention of some types of cancers, particularly prostate cancer. However, this area of research and the relationship with prostate cancer have been deemed insufficient of evidence for health claim approval by the US Food and Drug Administration.


Lycopene Food Sources

List of foods highest in lycopene. Lycopene content is in micrograms per 100 grams of food weight.



Foods High in Lycopene Lycopene

Tomato powder 46260

Tomatoes, sun-dried 45902

Tomato products, canned, paste, without salt added 28764

Tomato products, canned, paste, with salt added 28764

Tomato products, canned, puree, with salt added 21754

Tomato products, canned, puree, without salt added 21754

Tomato products, canned, sauce, with mushrooms 18942

Tomato products, canned, sauce, with onions, green peppers, and celery 18454

Soup, tomato rice, canned, condensed 17183

Catsup, low sodium 16709

Catsup 16709

Tomato products, canned, sauce 13979

Tomato sauce, canned, no salt added 13979

Soup, vegetable, canned, low sodium, condensed 13848

Sauce, tomato chili sauce, bottled, with salt 12819

Sauce, pasta, spaghetti/marinara, ready-to-serve 12665

Sauce, pasta, spaghetti/marinara, ready-to-serve, low sodium 12665

Sauce, steak, tomato based 12564

Soup, tomato, canned, condensed, reduced sodium 10920

Soup, tomato, canned, condensed 10920

Sauce, salsa, ready-to-serve 10515

Vegetable juice cocktail, canned 9660

Tomato and vegetable juice, low sodium 9660

Tomato juice, canned, with salt added 9037

Tomato juice, canned, without salt added 9037

Ravioli, cheese-filled, canned 8625

Soup, tomato rice, canned, prepared with equal volume water 8591

Soup, beef noodle, canned, condensed 8507

Pasta with Sliced Franks in Tomato Sauce, canned entree 7506


Foods High in Lycopene Lycopene

Snacks, vegetable chips, made from garden vegetables 7248

Pasta with meatballs in tomato sauce, canned entree 7199

Soup, vegetable soup, condensed, low sodium, prepared with equal volume water 6924

Rose Hips, wild (Northern Plains Indians) 6800

Sauce, cocktail, ready-to-serve 6753

Soup, mushroom with beef stock, canned, condensed 6632

Soup, clam chowder, manhattan, canned, condensed 6426

Soup, minestrone, canned, reduced sodium, ready-to-serve 6359

Soup, minestrone, canned, chunky, ready-to-serve 5963

Soup, bean with pork, canned, condensed 5946

Soup, tomato, canned, prepared with equal volume water, commercial 5345

Soup, tomato, low sodium, with water 5345

Soup, tomato, canned, prepared with equal volume low fat (2%) milk 5261

Guavas, common, raw 5204

Soup, clam chowder, manhattan style, canned, chunky, ready-to-serve 5112

Tomatoes, crushed, canned 5106

Watermelon, raw 4532

Sauce, barbecue 4431

Sauce, barbecue, low sodium 4431

Soup, beef noodle, canned, prepared with equal volume water 4253

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, stewed 4088

Guava sauce, cooked 3909

Salad dressing, french dressing, reduced calorie 3843

Salad dressing, russian dressing 3576

Ravioli, meat-filled, with tomato sauce or meat sauce, canned 3461

Pulled pork in barbecue sauce 3435

Spaghetti with meat sauce, frozen entree 3200

Soup, clam chowder, manhattan, canned, prepared with equal volume water 3147

Burrito, beef and bean, microwaved 3128

Salad dressing, thousand island dressing, reduced fat 3097

Tomatoes, red, ripe, cooked 3041


Foods High in Lycopene Lycopene

Tomatoes, red, ripe, cooked, with salt 3041

Clam and tomato juice, canned 2982

Ravioli, cheese with tomato sauce, frozen, not prepared, includes regular and light entrees 2966

Soup, chunky vegetable, canned, ready-to-serve 2953

Soup, tomato beef with noodle, canned, prepared with equal volume water 2929

Soup, bean with pork, canned, prepared with equal volume water 2910

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, packed in tomato juice 2767

Tomatoes, red, ripe, canned, packed in tomato juice, no salt added 2767

Pasta with tomato sauce, no meat, canned 2678

Salad dressing, thousand island, commercial, regular 2597

Salad dressing, bacon and tomato 2597

Soup, chili beef, canned, condensed 2584

Babyfood, dinner, beef stew, toddler 2575

Tomatoes, red, ripe, raw, year round average 2573

Burrito, beef and bean, frozen 2533

Salad dressing, french dressing, reduced fat 2530

Salad dressing, french dressing, reduced fat, without salt 2530

PIZZA HUT 12" Cheese Pizza, Hand-Tossed Crust 2310

Lean Pockets, Meatballs & Mozzarella 2174

Sauce, sweet and sour, prepared-from-recipe 2032

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, cheese topping, thin crust 2013

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, pepperoni topping, thick crust 1966

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, pepperoni topping, thin crust 1958

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, pepperoni topping, regular crust 1957

Soup, vegetarian vegetable, canned, condensed 1930

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, cheese topping, thick crust 1927

Pizza, cheese topping, rising crust, frozen, cooked 1925

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, cheese topping, regular crust 1915

Pizza, meat and vegetable topping, rising crust, frozen, cooked 1899

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, sausage topping, regular crust 1884

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