Sodium Potassium Ratio

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Food NameSodiumPotassiumS/P Ratio 
Milk, human17510.33
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole401430.28
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium32530.01
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole401430.28
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat441500.29
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat521660.31
Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")421520.28
Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat411500.27
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat441500.29
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat411500.27
Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat441500.29
Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat421560.27
Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil571390.41

High Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio in Diet is Bad for Health

Read full article Sodium-Saturated Diet Is a Threat for All in the New York Times

"A major study, based on data from more than 12,000 American adults, took into account all those risk factors for death from heart disease. The researchers found that while a diet high in sodium — salt is the main source — increases your risk, even more important is the ratio of sodium (harmful) to potassium (protective) in one’s diet."

"When people whose meals contained little sodium relative to potassium were compared with those whose diets had a high sodium-to-potassium ratio, the latter were nearly 50 percent more likely to die from any cause and more than twice as likely to die from ischemic heart disease during a follow-up period averaging 14.8 years."

Sodium Dietary Requirement and Benefit of Potassium

"The body’s requirement for sodium is very low — only 220 milligrams a day — but the average American consumes more than 3,400 milligrams daily. The current Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a maximum of 2,300 milligrams (about a teaspoon of salt) for people over age 2, but only 1,500 milligrams for the 70 percent of adults at high risk of sodium-induced illness: people older than 50, all African-Americans, and everyone with high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease."

"High level of sodium in the diet raises blood pressure and the risk of chronic hypertension by stiffening arteries and blocking nitric oxide, which relaxes arteries. Hypertension, in turn, contributes to heart disease and stroke, leading causes of death.
Potassium, on the other hand, activates nitric oxide and thus reduces pressure in the arteries, lowering the risk of hypertension."

Sodium and Potassium Intake and Mortality Among US Adults

Recent research on sodium and potassium in diet concludes that a higher sodium-potassium ratio is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality, and higher sodium intake is associated with increased total mortality in the general US population.

Institute of Medicine Report on US Sodium Intake

Americans consume unhealthy amounts of sodium in their food, far exceeding public health recommendations. Consuming too much sodium increases the risk for high blood pressure, a serious health condition that is avoidable and can lead to a variety of diseases. Analysts estimate that population-wide reductions in sodium could prevent more than 100,000 deaths annually. Without major change, hypertension and cardiovascular disease rates will continue to rise, and consumers will pay the price for inaction.

How to use our food database to select foods with low sodium/potassium ratio

This food database provides the sodium and potassium contents and sodium/potassium ratios of approximately 7,000 food items. A food's mineral and vitamin contents are displayed in charts to allow easy evaluation of its nutrition. You can use these vitamin and mineral charts to choose the most nutrient-dense foods and avoid foods with empty calories.
In addition, the calorie pie chart shows the contribution of fat, carb and protein to the food's total calorie. If you wish to choose low-sodium or low-sodium/potassium-ratio foods, you can sort foods by their nutrient contents. Click on the nutrient column header to sort and click again to reverse the current sort order.

Usage Note

  • Sodium and potassium values are in milligrams and calculated per 100g of food.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by sodium, potassium content or sodium-potassium ratio.
  • Pie chart shows relative contributions to total calories from carbohydrate, protein and fat (and alcohol, if exists).
  • The mineral and vitamin charts show the relative contents of minerals and vitamins of each food. The higher the bubble, the higher mineral or vitamin content a food has relative to other foods. The larger the bubble, the greater the mineral or vitamin content relative to the Recommended Daily Allowances.

Our Sodium-Related Online Databases

See our most complete directory of Sodium-Related Online Databases in English, French, Italian, Swedish, etc.
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Foods with LOW Sodium-Potassium Ratio

Foods in the following list are the opposite of the "bad" foods (those with HIGH sodium-to-potassium ratio). Sodium and potassium contents are in milligrams and measured per 100 grams of food weight.

Foods with LOW Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Potassium Sodium

Leavening agents, cream of tartar 16500 52

Leavening agents, baking powder, low-sodium 10100 90

Tea, instant, unsweetened, powder 6040 72

Tea, instant, unsweetened, powder, decaffeinated 6040 72

Spices, chervil, dried 4740 83

Coffee, instant, regular, powder 3535 37

Coffee, instant, regular, powder, half the caffeine 3535 37

Coffee, instant, decaffeinated, powder 3501 23

Tea, instant, unsweetened, lemon-flavored, powder 3453 55

Orange-flavor drink, breakfast type, low calorie, powder 3132 81

Spices, tarragon, dried 3020 62

Chives, freeze-dried 2960 70

Spices, basil, dried 2630 76

Soy flour, low-fat, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 2570 18

Spices, turmeric, ground 2525 38

Fruit-flavored drink, powder, with high vitamin C with other added vitamins, low calorie 2518 14

Soy flour, full-fat, raw 2515 13

Soy flour, full-fat, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 2515 13

Cocoa, dry powder, unsweetened, processed with alkali 2509 19

Cocoa, dry powder, hi-fat or breakfast, processed with alkali 2509 20

Soy meal, defatted, raw 2490 3

Soy meal, defatted, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 2490 3

Coffee substitute, cereal grain beverage, powder 2443 83

Peppers, ancho, dried 2411 43

Leeks, (bulb and lower-leaf portion), freeze-dried 2400 35

Soy flour, defatted 2384 20

Spices, paprika 2280 68

Peppers, pasilla, dried 2222 89

Soy protein concentrate, produced by alcohol extraction 2202 3

Foods with LOW Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Potassium Sodium

Seeds, sisymbrium sp. seeds, whole, dried 2130 92

Soy flour, defatted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 2090 9

Soy flour, low-fat 2090 9

Soy flour, full-fat, roasted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 2041 12

Soy flour, full-fat, roasted 2041 12

Spices, pepper, red or cayenne 2014 30

Seeds, breadnut tree seeds, dried 2011 53

Meat extender 1902 10

Peppers, hot chile, sun-dried 1870 91

Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless) 1869 37

Apricots, dehydrated (low-moisture), sulfured, uncooked 1850 13

Potatoes, mashed, dehydrated, granules with milk, dry form 1848 82

Palm hearts, raw 1806 14

Soybeans, mature seeds, raw 1797 2

Beans, white, mature seeds, raw 1795 16

Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless) 1772 35

Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless) 1761 35

Potato chips, without salt, reduced fat 1744 8

Lima beans, large, mature seeds, raw 1724 18

Spices, fennel seed 1694 88

Shallots, freeze-dried 1650 59

Onions, dehydrated flakes 1622 21

Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus 1600 40

Soy protein isolate, potassium type 1590 50

Soy protein isolate, potassium type, crude protein basis 1590 50

Kanpyo, (dried gourd strips) 1582 15

Cocoa, dry powder, hi-fat or breakfast, plain 1574 20

Spices, curry powder 1543 52

Beans, small white, mature seeds, raw 1542 12

Mushrooms, shiitake, dried 1534 13

Cocoa, dry powder, unsweetened 1524 21

Foods with LOW Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Potassium Sodium

Spices, marjoram, dried 1522 77

Beans, black turtle soup, mature seeds, raw 1500 9

Bananas, dehydrated, or banana powder 1491 3

Beans, kidney, california red, mature seeds, raw 1490 11

Rice bran, crude 1485 5

Beans, black, mature seeds, raw 1483 5

Soybeans, mature seeds, roasted, no salt added 1470 4

Beans, pink, mature seeds, raw 1464 8

Molasses 1464 37

Spices, anise seed 1441 16

Beans, kidney, all types, mature seeds, raw 1406 24

Lima beans, thin seeded (baby), mature seeds, raw 1403 13

Beans, pinto, mature seeds, raw 1393 12

Pigeon peas (red gram), mature seeds, raw 1392 17

Beans, great northern, mature seeds, raw 1387 14

Cowpeas, catjang, mature seeds, raw 1375 58

Seeds, lotus seeds, dried 1368 5

Soybeans, mature seeds, dry roasted 1364 2

Beans, kidney, red, mature seeds, raw 1359 12

Peanut flour, low fat 1358 1

Peaches, dehydrated (low-moisture), sulfured, uncooked 1351 10

Spices, caraway seed 1351 17

Seeds, cottonseed kernels, roasted (glandless) 1350 25

Beans, kidney, royal red, mature seeds, raw 1346 13

Beans, cranberry (roman), mature seeds, raw 1332 6

Spices, pepper, black 1329 20

Spices, ginger, ground 1320 27

Beans, french, mature seeds, raw 1316 18

Cereals ready-to-eat, QUAKER, KRETSCHMER Toasted Wheat Bran 1284 6

Snacks, potato chips, plain, made with partially hydrogenated soybean oil, unsalted 1275 8

Snacks, potato chips, plain, unsalted 1275 8

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